Sunday, December 29, 2019

Management Practices - 6684 Words

Who are Managers A manager is someone who coordinates and oversees the work of other people so that organizational goals can be accomplished. A manager’s job is not about personal achievements-it is about helping others do their work. That may mean coordinating the work of a departmental group, or it might mean supervising a single person. It could involve coordinating the work activities of a team of people from different departments or even people outside the organization, such as temporary employees or employees who work for organization’s suppliers. A manager’s work may also include duties not related to coordinating and overseeing others’ work. A manager is one who contributes to the organization’s goals indirectly by directing†¦show more content†¦Management Functions OR Process of Management Management is the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the efforts of organization members and of using all other organizational resources to achieve stated organizational goals. A process is a systematic way of doing thing. We refer to management as a process to emphasize that all managers, regardless of their particular attitudes or skills, engage in certain interrelated activities in order to achieve their desired goals. PLANNING * Determines in advance what should be done; looking ahead and preparing for the future. * Process of designing business objectives and charting out the methods of attaining those objectives; define goals, establish strategies for achieving those goals, and develop plans to integrate and coordinate activities. * Determination of what is to be done, how and where it is to be done, who is to do it, and how results are to be evaluated * Planning as a function is performed by managers at all levels. * Plans are guides by which (1) the organization obtains and commits the resources required to reach its objectives; (2) members of the organization carry on activities consistent with the chosen objectives and procedures; (3) progress toward the objectives is monitored and measured so that corrective action can be taken if progress is unsatisfactory. * The first step in planning is the selection of goals for the organization. GoalsShow MoreRelatedManagement Practices And Functions Of Mana gement2103 Words   |  9 PagesManagement Practices Management has played a crucial role in how organizations have operated for over a century. It has been the foundation of organizations in the structuring of their companies and has determined their level of success. Without management, organizations would struggle with defining a purpose for themselves. They would lack in goals to achieve and overall improvement. Since the implementation of management, theories of management have come and gone. New ideas have emerged and thoughtsRead MoreThe Evolution Of Management Practice929 Words   |  4 PagesThe Evolution of Management The Origins of Management Practice and How They Play a Role Today The origins of classical management practices plays a role in today’s management beliefs due to the fact that they overlap each other. As a classical management skill was invented and exercised, the faults in a particular management skill were studied. As business evolved so did the managerial skills needed to perform the tasks needed. A new management field would be invented, using the best of the olderRead MorePrinciples and Practices of Management1560 Words   |  7 PagesPrinciples and Practices of Management Subject Code – B-101 Section A: Objective Type Q1. A plan is a trap laid to capture the ___________ a) Future Q2. It is the function of employing suitable person for the enterprise: b) Staffing Q3. ______________ means â€Å"group of activities employee into departments†: (d) Departmentation Q4. This theory states that authority is the power that is accepted by others. a) Acceptance theory Q5. It means dispersal of decision makingRead MoreManagement Theory and Practice1736 Words   |  7 PagesHuman Resource management school of business Management theory and practice – assignment one Name: Taonga Emily mbuzi Computer numb: 1021 Tutor: Mr. Muleya INTRODUCTION Management is a process of working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives within a changing environment. (Kreitner R. 2007, p. 5) it has approaches, theories, principles which need to be learnt in order that we understand the nature of management properly and asRead MoreThe Management Theory and Practice1067 Words   |  5 Pages The management theory and practice has changed over since the early 1900’s, while the economy developed. With the globalization and technology be used widely, the environment became more competitive. The social institutions feel pressure to face a new challenge. The management system should be innovated into the new conditions and challenges management and the new management made workplace more productive. The old management evolved from classical management approaches to modern management approachesRead MoreManagement Theory and Practice943 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to Brech, E.F.L. (1965), Organisation – the Framework of Management (2nd edition) Longman, described organisation as ‘the framework of the management process’. If planning is considered as providing the route map for the journey, then organising is the means by which you arrive at your chosen destination. Organising is a process for determining, grouping and structuring of activities, devising and allocating roles arising from the grouping and structuring of activities, assigning accountabilityRead MoreA Study On Management Practices1635 Words   |  7 PagesMANAGEMENT PRACTICES Last Name/ First Name: Institution Affiliation: Introduction The changes in the world today are very much tremendous as far as complexity in the way people do conduct their everyday business is concerned. With the ever growing population that has been brought by the advancement in technology, businesses are always under pressure to satisfy the consumer’s demand (Medina, 2014). Therefore, each and every day that passes there is always a necessity for companiesRead MorePrinciples Practices of Management1333 Words   |  6 PagesExamination Paper Semester I: Principles and Practice of Management IIBM Institute of Business Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Semester-1 Examination Paper MM.100 Principles and Practice of Management Section A: Objective Type (30 marks)  · This section consists of Multiple Choices Short Notes type Questions.  · Answer all the Questions.  · Part one carries 1 mark each Part two carries 5 marks each. Part one: Multiple Choices: 1. A plan is a trap laid to capture the ________Read MorePrinciples and Practices of Management1349 Words   |  6 PagesExamination Paper of Principles and Practices of Management 1 IIBM of Business Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Principles and Practices of Management Subject Code-B101 Section A: Objective Type Short Questions (30 marks) ï‚ · This section consists of multiples choice and short notes type questions ï€   ï€   ï‚ · Part one carries 1 mark each part two carries 5 marks each. ï€   ï‚ · Attempt all questions ï€   Part One Multiple Choices: 1. A plan is a trap laid toRead MorePrinciples and Practices of Management6031 Words   |  25 PagesPRACICE OF MANAGEMENT( Unit-1) MANAGEMENT Management makes remarkable differences between the companies regarding their performance in term of productivity , products, sales, profitability, service to the customer, employee welfare etc. Management plays a vital role in deciding the destiny of business as well as non-business organisations. Concept Of Management- Management is the process

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Financial Management Of Health Care Sector - 1256 Words

Financial management in health care sector has become vital in various ways. The choices in financing have an impact on the efficiency on the production and supply of health care services. With the growth of the healthcare industry has come the need for healthcare administrators to make increasing use of financial information and techniques in their decision making. Although organizations have individuals who focus almost exclusively on financial operations, managers in any area of operations are expected to make decisions based on financial information and generally accepted accounting principles. This paper discusses challenges, responsibilities, and financial analysis tools available in developing a comprehensive understanding of the†¦show more content†¦Overall, the interviews suggest a portrait of the ethically intelligent financial executive. Ideally, the executive will have received some training or education to provide increased sophistication regarding the area of ethics and concrete tools to assist in maintaining one’s integrity and resolve ethical dilemmas. Self-confidence and related competencies such as assertiveness, communication skills, self-control, and stress management can be critical in maintaining ones integrity especially when navigating ethical behavior. The second article provides a review of the most useful financial analysis tools available to achieve objective is benchmarking, a well-established and long accepted process of financial analysis that can assist managers and their professional advisors, including valuators, in developing a comprehensive understanding of the operating performance and financial status of their organization as a Subject Entity. Benchmarking techniques are often used to determine the degree to which the Subject Entity varies from comparable healthcare industry norms, as well as to provide vital information regarding its trends in internal operational performance and financial status. An appropriate and successful application of benchmarking

Friday, December 13, 2019

Hannibal Barca Free Essays

As to the transcendent military genius of Hannibal there cannot be two opinions. The man who for fifteen years could hold his ground in a hostile country against several powerful armies and a succession of able generals must have been a commander and a tactician of supreme capacity’ Robert Garland – Though this claim may seem questionable to our post Handballs world, It was moreover the experience of the Second Punic War the first stimulated the Romans to write a national history. Populous chose BBC to begin narrative of Romeos take over of the Mediterranean – It is largely due to Hannibal defeat at Zamia that we stand here today as the heirs of Garage Romano culture. We will write a custom essay sample on Hannibal Barca or any similar topic only for you Order Now Had Gossip lost there is no guarantee that the Carthaginian would have incorporated Hellenic culture into their livelihood – It was the Hannibal war which drew he Romans Into the Greek orbit as never before who – Arguably Hannibal greatest legacy is that he left Rome with no serious rival – Linda -Marie Gunter writes that Hannibal historical importance lies In the fact hat he brought to light to his contemporaries and to later generations the restlessness s of Romeos politics of alliance and expansion – Live on Romeos condition after Canaan. The consuls and two consular armies had been destroyed and there was no longer any Roman camp or any general. – On Toynbee – an instance of an attempt to attach blame for a historical event on a single individual, and few historians or environmentalists would today treat the clan seriously – Poet Juvenile – the man whom Africa could not contain, who added Scallop to his empire, who leapt ove r the Presses. How to cite Hannibal Barca, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Song analysis Essay Example For Students

Song analysis Essay 9He abused her love and treated her so bad 10There was not enough education in her world 11That could save the life of this little girl 22She even blamed things on herself 24Nothing was wrong as far as we could tell 25Thats what wed like to tell ourselves 33And maybe next time we could save somebodys life 19Death is abroad. Oh, the black season! A very difficult type of literature is poetry. Poetry is very hard to understand especially when students or anyone is analyzing it under pressure or being forced. When poetry is not being forced to study, it is generally taken more serious and it is easier for poetry to be understood. Poetry can be linked to music in many ways. Some ways can be by the type of genre, lyrics, emotion and pictures. Emotion is the easiest way to relate two pieces of information together. This is the easiest way because no one will feel exactly the same as you. The poem that I have chosen to go with the song is How come, How long by Babyface featuring Stevie Wonder and for my poem is Song be delicate by J. Shaw Neilson. The poem and the song is linked by love, and death. In the poem it says that there should be lovers everywhere, and death is just so open, because you can die in many ways and in the song it says that this girl falls in love with the wrong kind of man and she paid with her life for loving that man. This poem can be interpreted so many ways because the poem uses open words which can be taken in more than one way. The song that I have I think can only be taken one way because it is like a story in a way. In order to show you that a poem can be read in more than one way, I will show you two different treading on the poem Song be delicate by J. Shaw Neilson. Line 1, means that let the words that you speak be gentle and sentimental. Line 2-3 means that there should be happiness every where instead of war. Line 3-4 means that lovers comes out from where they are when there is happiness and no war. Line 5 is the same as line 1. Line 6-8 means that love can be taken seriously and not seriously. It depends o how you take it on the result. If you take it not seriously you will find that you relationship will breakdown and you will be crying if you wanted to take a seriously. Line 9 is the same as Line 5 and 1. This part of the poem means that all different kinds of people can understand different kinds of people can understand different kinds of things. Line 13 is the same as line 9,5 and 1. Line 14-16 means that when the people and go home their love is not appreciated enough, but they feel safe at homes. Line 17 is the same as line 13,9,5 and 1. Line 18-20 means that death is open in many ways that you can die, there should not be no one to be happy about death. Death is a time when you should be thankful for who they were. Line 1 means that the person that you love is being protected. Line 2-4 means that there should be no war in the world so there is lovers everywhere. Line 5 is the same as line 1 means that love can be taken lightly and if so there will not many feelings being hurt as if one person out of the relationship did and the other one didnt. Line 9 means the same as line 5 and 1. Line 10 means that someone that you think is not listening to you could actually be. 11-12 can mean that the people listening to you knows what is going to happen in the next year. Line 13 is the same as 9,5 and 1. Line 14 means that your love one is home for the day. .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da , .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .postImageUrl , .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da , .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:hover , .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:visited , .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:active { border:0!important; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:active , .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u3d9d230574d4cea24e523c969464b9da:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Eyes Of The Dragon Essay Line 15 means that all their love that they have is bottled up in their hearts and they feel safe with their loved ones around. Line 17 is the same as 13,9,5 and 1. Line 18-20 means .

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Desirability for Control in the Workplace

Introduction In the psychological studies concerned with the behaviour of human beings and their reactions to different situations, there is one character present in human beings that is of great interest to scholars and researchers. This is the degree to which the way different individuals believe in themselves and seek to control the things that happen around them.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Desirability for Control in the Workplace specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There are two main categories of people in this aspect; people who believe that they can control what goes on around them and those who believe that things happen by chance and hence only let things happen and allow themselves to flow with them (Hammond Horswill, 2001). This character of controlling things around us may be measured in order to determine the degree of the difference in different individuals pertaining to a given phenomenon. This character is called desirability of control and is measurable using different scales. This study seeks to undertake a research into the desire for control in the workplace and specifically to understand why most people are willing to take greater risks when they are at the position of control or leadership rather than when they are not (Langer, 1975). Aim of the Study The study sought to formulate a scale that would have been efficient for measurement of desirability of control for the workplace. The results of the study would then be used to test the hypothesis that most people prefer to take greater risks while they are in control rather than when they are just ordinary, subordinate employees (Smith, Wallston, Forsberg King, 1984). The personality trait of desirability for control is related to other personality traits especially the ones in the five factor model such as conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience. However, this measure may be very important in the understanding of the human behaviour that pressures many to wish to be the ones in control in the workplace and in other scenarios. It is important to understand this trait in the workplace since it may have an association to other traits that are characteristic of employees. For example, someone may wish to be a leader so as to overcome fear, frustration, anxiety or simply due to such personalities as greed or meanness at the workplace (Svenson, 1981).Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Desirability of Control and Workplace Anxiety There seems to be a great relationship between desirability for control and workplace anxiety. Since the workplace involves taking of risks, most people do not feel safe as subordinates when the company is taking great risks. They always feel that their interests may be at stake if things turned against their expectations. However, research has shown that m ost people are comfortable taking great risks while they are at a decision-making position of control at their workplace (Taylor Brown, 1988). They usually feel that they would be able to more easily overcome any challenges that might arise from such a risk as well as getting a reduced workplace anxiety (Burger, 1991). Therefore, it is acceptable to make a general conclusion that there is a negative correlation between desirability for control and workplace anxiety such that an increase in control results to reduced anxiety and vice versa. Hence, those in decision-making positions are likely to provide better productivity than the subordinates due their low level of anxiety as well as their improved risk-taking propensity (Trimpop, Kerr Kirkcaldy, 1999). Why Measure Desirability of Control Desirability of control is a very important trait to understand especially for organizations that seek to increase worker productivity, performance and the overall output of the company. Since t he trait has a relationship with the effort that an employee puts in their work as well as their performance at work, it is important to take the trait into consideration as a function of performance. Therefore, there seems to be a close relationship between desirability for control and performance such that an increase in control results to more productivity by an individual worker and vice versa. On the other side, the trait may make the employees to work harder for their effort to be noted and rewarded through elevation from their position to a position of more control (Wolfgang, Zenker, Viscusi, 1984). Measures of Desirability for Control in the Past The desirability for control (DC) scale has been used by researchers in the past to understand the character of different people in relation to their desire to control things around them rather than to be a follower. This scale was designed to collect and analyze information about different aspects that are associated to desirabili ty for control and which were used as a test for the degree of this trait.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Desirability for Control in the Workplace specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A scale of 1-7 was established from which the mean of all the questions considered for the study was calculated and then used to determine the degree of the trait. This scale has been effective in the past especially due to the fact that it was comprehensive in collection of information used for testing the trait. The measure used before would need to be upgraded due to the fact that there have been tremendous changes and improvements in technology and livelihood in general. Hence, there is a need for the measure to be updated so as to ensure it incorporates the modern society in order for it to be able to collect unbiased and comprehensive information for the current society. The Proposed Scale This study will seek to understand the reliability and effectiveness of a scale that has been proposed though research. The scale, if approved, would be more reliable since it would incorporate changes that may occur in the near future and hence would be easier to understand. It will also be easier to use especially for long-term projects and researches. Reliability and Validity The reliability of the scale will be determined by considering the number of subjects that portray a higher degree of desire for control. If this number is larger than the one portraying a low degree, then the scale would be ready for valid (McBride, 2009). The validity of the scale was determined through calculation of the correlation coefficient and then determining the significance of this scale (Zechmeister, Shaughnessy, 2011). Hypothesis to be Tested The hypotheses that were being tested in the study were: H1: Desirability for control would be negatively correlated with social Anxiety, such that people with high desirability for control wi ll score low in Social Anxiety.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More H2: It also been Predicted that people who have high desirability for control and low in social anxiety end to perform better in workplace. H3: It hypothesized that Desirability for control might be able to predict successfulness of an individual in workplace. Validating the Scale The new scale to be used for measurement of the desirability for control trait would be validated through pretesting it on real data so as to determine if it would produce the expected results. This would be done through the process of the test of hypothesis (Goodwin, 2009). Conclusion Since the new scale for desirability for control in the workplace is an important factor to consider in understanding of the business employees, it is important to adopt the method since it is easier to use and more reliable. Also, its variables will be fewer and easier to calculate. References Burger, J. (1991). The Effects of Desire for Control in Situations with Chance-Determined Outcomes: Gambling Behavior in Lotto and B ingo Players. Journal of Research in Personality, 25, 196-204. Goodwin, C. (2009). Research In Psychology: Methods and Design. London: Willey. Hammond, T. and Horswill, S. (2001). The influence of desire for control on drivers’ risk-taking behavior. London: Pergamon. Langer, E. (1975). The illusion of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 311-328. McBride, D. (2009). The Process of Research in Psychology. London: Pearson. Smith, A., Wallston, B., Wallston, K., Forsberg, R., and King, J. (1984). Measuring desire for control of health care processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(2), 415–426. Svenson, O. (1981). Are we all less risky and more skillful than our fellow drivers. Acta Psychologica, 47, 143–148. Taylor, E. and Brown, J. (1988). Illusion and well-being: A social psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 103(2), 193–210. Trimpop, R., Kerr, H., Kirkcaldy, B. (1999). Comparing person ality constructs of risk-taking behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 237–254. Wolfgang, A., Zenker, S. and Viscusi, T. (1984). Control motivation and the illusion of control in betting on dice. Journal of Psychology, 116, 67-72. Zechmeister, J. and Shaughnessy, J. (2011). Research Methods In Psychology. New York; AMC. This essay on Desirability for Control in the Workplace was written and submitted by user Jakobe Bowen to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

10 Tips on How to Write a Professional Email

10 Tips on How to Write a Professional Email Despite the popularity of texting and social media, email remains the most common form of written communication in the business world- and the most commonly abused.  Too often, email messages snap, growl, and bark- as if being concise meant that you had to sound bossy. Not so. Consider this email message recently sent to all staff members on a large university campus: It is time to renew your faculty/staff parking decals. New decals are required by Nov. 1. Parking Rules and Regulations require that all vehicles driven on campus must display the current decal. Slapping a Hi! in front of this message doesnt solve the problem. It only adds a false air of chumminess. Instead, consider how much nicer and shorter- and probably more effective- the email would be if we simply added a please and addressed the reader directly: Please renew your faculty/staff parking decals by November 1. Of course, if the author of the email had truly kept readers in mind, they might have included another useful tidbit: a clue as to how and where to renew the decals. Using the email about the parking decals as an example, try incorporating these tips into your own writing for better, clearer, more effective emails: Always fill in the subject line with a topic that means something to your reader. Not Decals or Important! but Deadline for New Parking Decals.Put your main point in the opening sentence. Most readers wont stick around for a surprise ending.Never begin a message with a vague This- as in This needs to be done by 5:00. Always specify what youre writing about.Dont use ALL CAPITALS (no shouting!), or all lowercase letters either (unless youre the poet E. E. Cummings).As a general rule, PLZ avoid textspeak (abbreviations and acronyms): You may be ROFLOL (rolling on the floor laughing out loud), but your reader may be left wondering WUWT (whats up with that).Be brief and polite. If your message runs longer than two or three short paragraphs, consider (a) reducing the message or (b) providing an attachment. But in any case, dont snap, growl, or bark.Remember to say please and thank you. And mean it. For example, Thank you for understanding why afternoon breaks have been eliminated is prissy and petty. Its not polite. Add a signature block with appropriate contact information (in most cases, your name, business address, and phone number, along with a legal disclaimer if required by your company). Do you need to clutter the signature block with a clever quotation and artwork? Probably not.Edit and proofread before hitting send. You may think youre too busy to sweat the small stuff, but unfortunately, your reader may think youre a careless dolt.Finally, reply promptly to serious messages. If you need more than 24 hours to collect information or make a decision, send a brief response explaining the delay.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

A Critical Discussion about British Airways and Its Entry into Central Essay

A Critical Discussion about British Airways and Its Entry into Central and Eastern European markets - Essay Example To evaluate and analyze the aviation market of Eastern Europe and its feasibility to launch the British Airways, a blend of primary and secondary research has been conducted with a mix of quantitative and qualitative approach. The analysis of the research clearly showed that people are reluctant to choose British Airways because of high prices as there are other better and cheaper alternatives available. This paper further presents conclusion, recommendations and SWOT analysis of British Airways in order to provide a comprehensive insight. Table of Contents Aims & Objectives 6 Airline industry existence is crucial for the worldwide transportation system. These services are available nowadays for both passengers and cargo as well. Some top most airlines of the world are named as: Finnair, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Air France, Emirates, British Airways, Swiss International Airlines, and Lufthansa etc. And few amongst these airlines are also providing the cargo services (air f reight & logistic services) at the same time. This feature is making them prominent in terms of their existence and size also whenever you will go to measure their dominance anyway for example Lufthansa airline is serving as passengers and cargo airline (Behrman, 1972). ... According to a research these top ranked airlines are carried around 10 million travelers, annually. Top on the list are as mentioned below: 8 1.Delta Air Lines 8 2.Southwest Airlines 8 3.American Airlines 8 Financial Performance Chart of British Airways 38 Years 38 Traveler Flown 38 Net profit/loss 38 Basic earnings per share 38 2010 38 31,825,000 38 425 38 38.5 38 2008 38 34,613,000 38 696 38 59.0 38 2006 38 32,432,000 38 464 38 40.4 38 2005 38 35,717,000 38 392 38 35.2 38 2003 38 38,019,000 38 72 38 6.7 38 2002 38 40,004,000 38 142 38 13.2 38 Chapter 1: Introduction Background: In today’s world, when a vast throng of airlines has emerged, competition amongst them has increased simultaneously. Whether these airlines are small and private ones, operating locally or otherwise internationally but in limited areas, or whether they are well established and monopolizing ones, travelers today nonetheless are provided with a vast variety of options when it comes to commuting via air . Such has been the effect of modernization, globalization, commercialization and varied lifestyles demanding increased commuting options combined; people are thus benefiting vastly from the increased options being offered to them, allowing them to make rational choices based on luxury, comfort, convenience and affordability (Dunning, 1993). An airline that has proven its class and has earned a very reputable name for itself over the past few decades is the flagship airline of England, namely British Airways. With its main operating centre being the London Heathrow Airport, British Airways has now a tremendous customer base and following, who chose the airline regardless of how well the route suits them and how economical it is. The primary reason for this is that the airlines has managed

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Critically examine the government's definition of a sustainable Essay

Critically examine the government's definition of a sustainable community and explore the problems associated with applying the concept to poor, inner city area - Essay Example rldwide has led to the need for change of the structure of cities in order to meet the current social and cultural trends; however, the relevant decision should not be taken without a careful examination of the resources available as well as of the potential consequences of these initiatives to the environment. In this context, the appearance of sustainability could be explained at the level that the specific concept could offer the required framework of urban development ensuring the quality of life of people in modern cities. Despite all the measures taken for the application of the principles of sustainability – as they have been developed through the years – in practice it has been proved that in modern urban environment the use of techniques and construction rules that are based on the principles of sustainability is not an easy task; the above phenomenon can explain by the fact that the resources available for the realization of these projects are usually limited, the cost involved is high and the intention of the governments to fully align the urban development of cities with the principles of sustainability is not as strong as required for the promotion of the specific concept in countries around the world – no matter the strength of their economy or their social/ cultural characteristics. The problem seems to be more severe in cases that efforts are made in order to develop relevant projects – based on the principles on sustainability – on areas that are not developed – referring especially to the poor inner city areas. In case that such an initiative is undertaken, the potential risks could be many as it is explained analytically below. The examination of the effectiveness of the governmental plans related with the promotion of sustainability across a country is developed in this paper referring to the case of Britain; the sustainable development of the country’s projects – including the protection of the environment – is achieved

Monday, November 18, 2019

The collapse of HIH (Australian Insurance company) Essay

The collapse of HIH (Australian Insurance company) - Essay Example Moreover, analysts were concerned with the increase in the capital adequacy requirements in favor of the insurers. It was basically a proposal by Australian Prudential Regulatory Authority (APRA) in 2000. (A Chronology of Key Events, n.d) This was followed by selling part of domestic business to German based Allianz at about $500 million. The same year also saw the tumbling of share prices reaching to the lowest ever. Markets blamed the Allianz deal. The following year saw the most heartening part of HIH as it estimated $800 million loss and enters into a position of provisional liquidation. Both Australian Securities & Investments Commission (ASIC) and Royal Commission after analyzing the documents finally forced the company to close down its operations which marked the collapse of one of the biggest corporate ruins in Australia. (Kehl, 2001) Many would opine the fact that the sudden demise of such a huge insurer firm is generally due to its aggressive business strategies. It has moved on to acquire FAI and within a year or two it has again made a move to sell off its part of business to Allianz. Also another most remarkable part of the story is regarding its subsidiaries. The company recorded to have more than 200 subsidiaries world-wide. This extensive creation of subsidiaries has affected the business as a whole. With such expansion policies and an average of 26% a year of growth, the company struggled hard to find its way through as the market was experiencing enough competition especially from its overseas operations in UK and US. (HIH Insurance, 2001) Even one of the prime liquidators of HIH, Mr. McGrath also opined that the FAI Insurances were of no value when HIH bided for $295 million. (Sexton, 2009) The main motive that is to be considered in acquiring FAI Insurance by HIH was to make a significant mark in the Australian insurance industry. Therefore in 1995 the

Friday, November 15, 2019

Mystery Shopping In The Hospitality Industry Tourism Essay

Mystery Shopping In The Hospitality Industry Tourism Essay A client focal point has turned into extra significant in todays spirited atmosphere. Determining client pleasure is an instrument regularly used as well as too encouraged by additional modern edition of the superiority method necessities. An additional approach of determining the eminence of the tune deliverance is by production utilize of secrecy visitors, compliant personnel who perform as regular clientele although are accurately scrutinize what is obtainable fine in addition to what be able to be enhanced in the overhaul procedure as professed through the client. The reason of secrecy shopping revising is to assist focal point of the concentration of company administration on client overhaul enhancement by on condition that information on the procedures as well as the eminence of services it is only if. Mystery shopping revision is able to encompass the uncomplicated truthful surveillance of summits of auction or services spotlight predominantly on signage, hygiene, coming up instance, reply time, profitable signage, the state of tackle in employ, devotion to the companys principles. It might also extend as far as making purchase or enquiry, where the evaluator acts as if he or she was an actual or potential customer, on the basis of a simple of more complicated scenario. Mystery shopping revise engage the utilize of anonymity shoppers who will be qualified along with or succinct to scrutinize familiarity plus determine some client service procedure by performing as a potential client along with legal responsibility of a sequence of prearranged errands to assess analogous as well as reliable method. Mystery shopping procedures used might comprise, secrecy surveillance, visits, telephone calls, mail or fax, email or website visits. BRIEFLY DESCRIBE AND CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE USE OF MYSTERY SHOPPERS MYSTERY SHOPPING Mystery shopping is very practical in overhaul circumstances, for instance in banks, restaurants, shops, travel agencies, airlines, car dealers etc. The method mystery shopping is put into practice is somewhat universal: Unidentified personnel are used as ambiguity visitors The anonymity visitor is well taught as well as uses a predefined checklist The mystery visitor act like a standard purchaser After the visit to the examine summit the checklist is overflowing in as well as an appraisal description is predictable The valuation descriptions as well as the score on the checklist are used for reaction. The criticism has to guide to a figure of development issues as well as events. Generally mystery shopping is used by the souk investigate businesses for the measuring the trade check eminence as well as get together a few of the information concerning the services as well as goods. These mystery shoppers performs as customary universal consumers however they carry out precise errands similar to: purchasing of the goods, perform in a little method or make questions to the staff as well as subsequent to they write down a exhaustive description as well as present it to the institute. The performance of mystery shopping has been typical in the commencement of 1940s for measuring the workers truthfulness. At the same time as the mystery shopping, the tackles like videos, audios as well as feedback forms are the uncomplicated ones. Numerous companies determine in the use of the internet which is governed as well as permit the possible mystery shoppers to contribute by utilization of internet. The general spaces wherever the mystery shoppers leave is to the theaters of movies, banks, dealers of car, health clubs, restaurants, apartments, fast foods, etc. In UK, mystery shopping is utilized for criticism of the client services which are offered by establishment of restricted as well as the additional businesses whichever are non-profit similar to churches as well as links of accommodation. USE OF MYSTERY SHOPPERS Mystery shopping will be utilized for a variety of reasons. Most of the occasion, the objective is for calculating the excellence of the overhaul liberation to clients. In these circumstances the mystery guest can be paying attention on the acquiescence to explicit principles, guiding principle or anxiety, or the mystery guest is able to be inculcating to location the excellence of the overhaul on a level. If a mystery guest is also used to visit not only the own service locations but also locations of competitors, benchmarking becomes a way to judge your own activities against those. Other uses of mystery shopping are: Calculating efficiency of programmes Testing if workers luxury all populace in the similar means, or difficult alongside favoritism. To believe whether the vendor advocate our produce to a purchaser Is our product displayed outstandingly or as we identify to our legislative body. Does our home visiting salesman investigate the potential customers needs previous to introduction into a sales terrain or a meticulous model? Reports build very obvious what is departing incorrect Training programmes can be enhanced Development behavior can be paying attention on matters that are significant for the purchaser Good performance of workers can be satisfied. An resourceful mode of recognizing employees in necessitate of additional training A customary summing up of strengths as well as weakness which can be your accomplishment sketch A way of recognizing trade channels which are under-performing Because it is the majority cost-effective as well as supple client rapport administration instrument obtainable. It can be organized rapidly as well as reasonably. Moreover, it is a supple agenda so as to can be customized as well as squeezed on the soar, charitable the customer admission to incredibly existing marketplace explore devoid of exclusive set up costs Mystery shopping is additional similar to an X-Ray. It is a very well, grainy depiction of your commerce investigative and region of highest attention. One of the immediate benefits of a mystery shopping program is that the client states for all employees to see what the service criteria It is very helpful in the improvement and enhancement of the business and the good training can be given to the employees or the staff. IDENTIFY THE BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF USING MYSTERY SHOPPERS. BENEFITS OF MYSTERY SHOPPERS Mystery shopping programmes are exclusive as well as intended specially for every customer. Mystery shopping tune is backed up by gratis examination as well as overhaul assurance so by no means require worrying. Continuing effectual observing of the client overhaul levels in the association. Occasions are stick for the association to make sure their principles as well as strategies. Nurturing surrounded by the stakeholders, there is an accomplishment of the improved sympathetic in the case of awareness. To get better the purchaser overhaul as well as its procedures, augment the member of staff in staffing plus preservation levels. Mystery shopping is extremely critical intended for whichever type of industry. Mystery shopping is an imperative fraction of every industry towards growing its trade as well as client service. The skilled corporation forever draw patrons a bunch. The majority of the companies seek a lot of habits to get better their overhaul for the patrons. The administration is given with the information which is used to recompense the presentation as well as stimulate the workers who are standard as well as provide preparation as well as therapy to the workers who all require the enhancements. Mystery shopping assist in creating improved as well as extended relations with the clientele who are glowing fulfilled. Owners as well as executive of the industry are making available with the facts which are constructive in circumstances in the places of dispassionate information, tangible as well as enumerated. For the achievement of client overhaul as well as auctions, association is able to tendency the information intended for the expression. DRAWBACKS OF MYSTERY SHOPPING Sometimes mystery shopping is been visional as the intimidating to the workers, in that case workers sight the mystery shoppers as the examination by the administration additional than as a generate for the guidance as well as growth. Mystery shopping is appraised as a process but not the conclusion. Any association is supposed to be unbolting to their workers regarding their anonymity shoppers. Association has to state in feature detail the rationale of production work out as well as also charge crash of the solitude of checking as well as after that rightful the employees human rights. DRAW UPON RELEVANT ACADEMIC JOURNALS AND LITERATURE TO ENHANCE YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF HOW THE MYSTERY SHOPPER IS USED. Mystery shopping can be used for the grounding of the antagonism. The extremely innovative utilize of the mystery shopping is to organize for the exterior antagonism. To obtain the photograph of the condition of the workers ability for the client overhaul. It can be used for scrutinizing the antagonism. The strengths as well as weakness can be recognized through the anonymity customers. Mystery shoppers intelligence can be used as the additional method for arranging for the rivalry by observance an eye lying on the marketplace. This thought is been used frequently by bankers, garments retailers as well as superstores. The additional purpose of the vagueness shopping is to be acquainted with the high-quality workers as well as gratifying them. Giving emphasis to the exceptional client services would keep the customer faithfulness very important to allow the customer for investment its high-quality clientele. The workers who all sense the worth in addition to be documented resolve get ahead of their approaches which are high-quality to their clientele. The customer knows that a quantity of his workers valor be recruited by the rivalry as well as he required to build sure they know that he respected their hard work on the provisions behalf. The agenda of gratitude is an ever more motive of widespread for carrying out standard ambiguity shops. In general workers are reserved on the toes of the obscurity shopper to create them believe so as to any customer may be a secrecy shopper. If any member of staff is documented by the secrecy shopper as the most excellent member of staff, they are satisfied in various ways as well as the goals are been talented. Gratitude is been specified to the workers who are well familiar by the mystery shopper in the appearance of money or parking gap or any thing also. Normally the standard member of staff is specified the encouragement. Customer service assessments are stated in the appearance of the additional benefit. One of the mystery shopping is to calculate the preparation; the mainly customary is to how much the member of staff is required the preparation to accomplish. The first way is so as to the anonymity shoppers are send to assess the purchaser overhaul plane. In the chapter of two, assessment will be analyzed as well as expansion of the training agenda in favor of the workers is carrying out. The third phase, the secrecy shoppers will revisit for the assessment of the client overhaul position guidance. By this the association can determine the efficiency of the agenda of the instruction everywhere the training has in use the assessment will be prepared there. CITE AND ANALYSE CURRENT EXAMPLES OF THE MYSTERY SHOPPER FROM WITHIN THE INTERNATIONAL HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY Industries: Hospitality and Lodging The extensively business which is varied, the accommodation as well as generosity business will not only create up of resorts as well as hotels, as well as casinos plus sail appearances. Mystery shopping assists in provided that utmost awareness of the visitors, obedience of authoritarian, anticipation of defeat, security as well as physical condition as well as the demonstration of product which in turn will make the most of proceeds as well as earnings. The visitors are primary prioritized along with to make sure genuine purchaser overhaul knowledge as well as reliable, mystery shopping is indispensable. As a foremost obscurity shopping contributor, the cleverness overhauls appreciate the entire prospects which are positioned on the employees along with how it honestly pressures the estimations of visitors. There are healthy smoothed as well as high-quality programmes The primarily approaches the client overhaul wherever the aptitude overhaul the mystery shoppers will recognize so as to the generosity as well as the overhaul are the supreme of building their visitors not still take pleasure in other than also they approach back in the prospect as well as speak high-quality concerning their practices. The intelligences will assess the commerce as of the proviso summit to plow prove out. Will make sure all the belongings similar to, if the manager of the corollary was well-organized as well as how the employees are salutation fine or cheery well or not as well as if the grievances are concentrated polity along with tenderly or not. In each generosity industry hygiene is an indispensable principle. Exceeds as well as the hygiene be supposed to be meet on occasion or else visitors will by no means go back to the business yet again. Frequently visitors are expecting the spotless, contented surroundings to carry on their hang about. The mystery shoppers resolve assess the bistro, all visitor accommodation, health resort amenities as well as the community regions. The protection as well as sanctuary is obligatory whether the visitors are conscious of the requirements or not. The aptitude as well demeanor the observance location which is camouflaged along with exposed demeanors, elevators, fire exits, stairwells as well as fire extinguishers be obtainable otherwise not. Furthermore, they moreover appraise the hotels bistro as well as the kitchens intended for the rationale of sanitation, food storage space, hygiene as well as processes of managing. Every one of these assessments is support on the conformity of the employees members with their association measures as well as guiding principle based on their safety measures, preclusion of thrashing, and safety all the way through the possessions. Trade name symbol is extremely obligatory of whichever big hospitality industry. Astuteness overhaul will be modified from side to side an assessment agenda by provided that the investigative statistics to make sure for so as to every reliability which are desirable by the brand name principles. Inscrutability purchaser of the bistro will principally spotlight on the consequence of the visitors wherever the valuation of the workers will exist fretful. Immense overhaul as well as the enormous foodstuff of an attractive which is measured by the visitors as well as keep in mind to stay yet again. IDENTITY AREAS FOR IMPROVEMENTS USING THIS QUALITY CONTROL TOOL Notify the workers concerning the agenda in proceed as well as get the contribution on survey which the customers will be utilizing. The agenda of the secrecy shopping resolve job improved if it is not like secrecy mostly for the staff, inform them in advance as well as let them be acquainted with what is predictable as of them. Forever put into practice the declarations as well as agenda are supposed to be endorsed in optimistic method. Ought to construct in no doubt to the mystery shoppers be recognizable by means of the information compilation, coverage, examination as well as regarding the propose to supply. Reflect concerning the managerial goals as well as objectives along with after that put the feedback form. The entire problems are supposed to be surrounded in so as to the anonymity shoppers can insert amplification by means of on the whole explanation. Put into practice the modifications which are effectual in performance as well as split the consequences through the group. For eternity, recompense the presentations which are high-quality. It augments the attention in the profession. Make it a large agreement whilst the anonymity shopper discovers a persons name of welcoming worker or the obliging member of staff. The entire design of the players is to construct the workers do the effects accurate. Mystery shopping intended for any big business it is an essential obsession. Mystery shopping is the momentous obsession to get better the industry as well as attractive it as well as for verdict the souk. Which ever corporation is capable will be fast in the most favorable numeral of clientele. Numerous companies will be annoying to get better their industry by the purchaser overhaul. Companies will go elsewhere in addition to discover the disadvantages wherever they are deceitful. A number of the administrators will do the furtively as well as a number of others will employ the populace to do the job. One of the best ways to augment the rapport by means of clientele is the inexplicable shopping. When employing the secrecy shopper, forever choose for the knowledgeable one or supposed individual. To assess the expanse you have completed what are the consequences as well as for which you seem for. The ambiguity shoppers most important purpose is to go to amass as well as has distress in cavernous which have complete the encumbrance in expansion of the superstore.

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

The Impact of Modern Science and Technology Essay -- Medical Medicine

The Impact of Modern Science and Technology The quest for scientific knowledge should be boundless. There should not be any type of barriers to prevent such an enrichment of knowledge, and that is exactly what science presents to us. Scientific knowledge can only help us in the long run and even perhaps save us from catastrophes that may occur naturally in the world. There could be an agreement that science has produced many dangerous and destructive things which have brought society many problems, but on the same token the good things that science has produced seems to outweigh the bad. There is much to be said about the bad things that science has produced throughout history. For instance, the creation of nuclear weapons, which have the potential of destroying the whole planet in a matter of hours. There are also many other negative outcomes which science has created in our environments like the depletion of natural resources, technological unemployment, and environmental pollution. Unfortunately, the adversaries of science only want you to look at the negative things that science has created without mentioning and without giving recognition to the good things that science has created. In fact, many of these opposing individuals of science can be called hypocrites from their failure of using technology for their own need and satisfaction. As Bishop mentions in his article "Enemies of Promise", there are many people who are ignorant when it comes to science and, yet these ignorant individuals still have opinions that mislead other people who are less educated and less informed; what greater reason should there be for us in knowing more about science. Under all the scrutiny science has gone through by their adversarie... ...ving no matter how bad our situation becomes or how bad our environment gets and sometimes the combination of both. One could say that science is here to stay and there is nothing to stop it, and if that is the case one must try to learn everything that science introduces to us. It does not matter if the science being done is undesirable, we should still educate ourselves to understand the problem and perhaps fix the problem with newer and even more advanced technology. Trying to avoid science and to go against it would be like putting on blinders because everyone around you is looking forward for something new that could improve the standard of living and even once self being. Work Cited Lunsford, Andrea and John Ruszkiewicz. The Presence of Others: Voices that call for Response 2nd ed. New York: St. MArtin's, 1997 Bishop,J. Michael. "Enemies of Promises" The Impact of Modern Science and Technology Essay -- Medical Medicine The Impact of Modern Science and Technology The quest for scientific knowledge should be boundless. There should not be any type of barriers to prevent such an enrichment of knowledge, and that is exactly what science presents to us. Scientific knowledge can only help us in the long run and even perhaps save us from catastrophes that may occur naturally in the world. There could be an agreement that science has produced many dangerous and destructive things which have brought society many problems, but on the same token the good things that science has produced seems to outweigh the bad. There is much to be said about the bad things that science has produced throughout history. For instance, the creation of nuclear weapons, which have the potential of destroying the whole planet in a matter of hours. There are also many other negative outcomes which science has created in our environments like the depletion of natural resources, technological unemployment, and environmental pollution. Unfortunately, the adversaries of science only want you to look at the negative things that science has created without mentioning and without giving recognition to the good things that science has created. In fact, many of these opposing individuals of science can be called hypocrites from their failure of using technology for their own need and satisfaction. As Bishop mentions in his article "Enemies of Promise", there are many people who are ignorant when it comes to science and, yet these ignorant individuals still have opinions that mislead other people who are less educated and less informed; what greater reason should there be for us in knowing more about science. Under all the scrutiny science has gone through by their adversarie... ...ving no matter how bad our situation becomes or how bad our environment gets and sometimes the combination of both. One could say that science is here to stay and there is nothing to stop it, and if that is the case one must try to learn everything that science introduces to us. It does not matter if the science being done is undesirable, we should still educate ourselves to understand the problem and perhaps fix the problem with newer and even more advanced technology. Trying to avoid science and to go against it would be like putting on blinders because everyone around you is looking forward for something new that could improve the standard of living and even once self being. Work Cited Lunsford, Andrea and John Ruszkiewicz. The Presence of Others: Voices that call for Response 2nd ed. New York: St. MArtin's, 1997 Bishop,J. Michael. "Enemies of Promises"

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Is It Out Right to Deny a Right?

Jensen 1 Ellie Jensen Dr. Rubina Khan English 121 8 July 2012 Is it Our Right to Deny a Right? On May 17, 2004, Marcia Hams and Susan Shepherd became the first same-sex couple to accomplish a state-sanctioned marriage in the United States, according to Time Magazine’s article, â€Å"A Brief History of: Gay Marriage†. Gay marriage was first brought to national attention in 1993, when a judge in Hawaii ruled that a same-sex couple was not permitted to get married on account of the state's constitution.The ruling of the judge persuaded Congress to create the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act, which prevented homosexual couples from receiving benefits traditionally granted by marriage. Since then, states have interpreted their own viewpoint on the issue. However, same-sex marriage proceeds to remain illegal in 44 states at the present time (Sullivan 1). America has supported equal rights since the nineteenth century, including the separation between contrasting races and genders , however, America is facing the ongoing battle of samesex marriage.According to Connecticut Post’s article, â€Å"Same-sex marriage: A Constitutional Right†, only 6 states allow same-sex marriage in America at the present time. The Constitution exists to provide structure for the entire country and its citizens. It protects certain rights, ensures state laws do not violate them, and forms a fair government. In the past, the Supreme Court has verified 14 times that all citizens have the right to get married. Nevertheless, 44 states deny citizens their right to marry someone of the same-sex due to the fact that it violates religiousJensen 2 morality, weakens the definition and respect for the institution of marriage, and it weakens the traditional family values that America has. Despite that, any law banning same-sex marriage exploits the privileges of the citizens and denies people equal rights under the protection of the law. Although the popular vote is necessary in some cases, citizens should not be able to take away the freedom of speech and expression from other individuals that have different opinions and interests (Benedosso 1).During the recording of â€Å"The View†, President Barack Obama announced, â€Å"I want everyone treated fairly in this country. We have never gone wrong when we’ve extended rights and responsibilities to everybody. That doesn’t weaken families, that strengthens families† (Killough 1). Furthermore, same-sex spouses pay as much as $6,000 per year in extra taxes since the government refuses to recognize gay marriage, according to Cable News Network’s article, â€Å"Same-Sex Spouses Lose Big On Taxes†.Due to the fact that same-sex couples are not allowed to file their federal returns jointly, they do not receive tax benefits in the same manner as heterosexual couples do (Benedosso 1). â€Å"It’s costing these families thousands of dollars a year, as well as the emotiona l pain and suffering,† said Ken Weissenberg, a partner at the accounting firm, EisnerAmper. In addition, same-sex couples are not permitted to inherit a shared home, assets, or personal items in the absence of a will after an unexpected death (Ellis 1).They are also not allowed to assist their spouse in paying off their debt, take medical leave to care for a sick spouse or for their kids, cover their families on their health plans without paying taxes on the coverage, nor eligible for Medicare and Medicaid coverage, and many employers do not cover domestic partners or their biological or non-biological children in their health insurance plans (Bernard 2). On top of that, same-sex couples can be denied or disfavored inJensen 3 their applications for public housing, denied the automatic right to joint parenting, joint adoption, joint foster care, and visitation for non-biological parents, and denied withdrawal rights and protective tax treatment given to spouses with regard to I RA's and other retirement plans (Bernard 3). According to Cable News Network’s article, â€Å"Denied Divorce: Some same-sex couples wed-locked†, several states in America do not grant divorces for same-sex marriages that occurred outside of the state’s borders.Same-sex couples can currently marry in six states. There is no residency requirement to get married in those states, which is how many same-sex couples are able to get married in the first place. However, if a marriage was to fall apart in a state that does not recognize the couple’s legal status, they will not be able to dissolve their marriage. â€Å"In order to get a divorce from a same-sex partner, they would have to live in a state for six months to two years†, said Susan Sommer, director of constitutional litigation at Lambda Legal (Landau 1).Since several states in America do not allow same-sex marriages, many people do not understand why states are not willing to dissolve these marri ages (Landau 4). As Obama announced in Cable News Network’s article, â€Å"Obama Calls For Marriage Equality†, all citizens should be treated equally in America. However, as shown in this paragraph, same-sex couples are not receiving the same rights as other citizens that marry the opposite sex. America has always expressed itself as a free and equal country.Nevertheless, same-sex couples proceed to travel around the country to marry the individual that they desire to spend the rest of their lives with. As the 14th Amendment declares, â€Å"No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to Jensen 4 any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws†.Any law banning same-sex marriage exploits the privileges of the citizens and denies people equal rights under the prot ection of the law (Benedosso 1). Jensen 5 Works Cited Benedosso, Michael. â€Å"Same-sex Marriage: A Constitutional Right. † Ctpost. com. Hearst Communications, 12 Aug. 2010. Web. 25 June 2012. . Bernard, Tara Siegel. â€Å"The High Price of Being a Gay Couple. † Nytimes. com. New York Times, 2 Oct. 2009. Web. 26 June 2012. . Ellis, Blake. â€Å"Same-sex Spouses Lose Big on Taxes. CNN. com. Cable News Network, 31 Dec. 2011. Web. 25 June 2012. . Killough, Ashley. â€Å"Obama Calls for Marriage Equality, Says ‘I Want Everyone Treated Fairly'† CNN. com. Cable News Network, 14 May 2012. Web. 25 June 2012. . Landau, Elizabeth. â€Å"Denied Divorce, Some Same-sex Couples ‘wed-locked'† CNN. com. Cable News Network, 7 June 2012. Web. 25 June 2012. . Sullivan, Justin. â€Å"A Brief History Of: Gay Marriage. † Time. com. Cable News Network, 22 May 2008. Web. 25 May 2012. .

Friday, November 8, 2019

Learn How to Conjugate the French Verb Habiter (to Live)

Learn How to Conjugate the French Verb Habiter (to Live) French verb conjugator habiter Present Future Imperfect Present participle j habite habiterai habitais habitant tu habites habiteras habitais il habite habitera habitait nous habitons habiterons habitions vous habitez habiterez habitiez ils habitent habiteront habitaient Pass compos Auxiliary verb avoir Past participle habit Subjunctive Conditional Pass simple Imperfect subjunctive j habite habiterais habitai habitasse tu habites habiterais habitas habitasses il habite habiterait habita habitt nous habitions habiterions habitmes habitassions vous habitiez habiteriez habittes habitassiez ils habitent habiteraient habitrent habitassent Imperative tu habite nous habitons vous habitez Verb conjugation patternHabiter  is a  regular -ER verb  that begins with  h  muet

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

The Insanity Defense in Criminal Cases

The Insanity Defense in Criminal Cases The standard for claiming a defendant is not guilty by reason of insanity has changed through the years from strict guidelines to a more lenient interpretation, and back to a more strict standard again. Although definitions of legal insanity differ from state to state, generally a person is considered insane and is not responsible for criminal conduct if, at the time of the offense, as a result of a severe mental disease or defect, he was unable to appreciate the nature and quality or the wrongfulness of his acts. This reasoning is, because willfull intent is an essential part of most offenses, a person who is insane is not capable of forming such intent. Mental disease or defect does not alone constitute a legal insanity defense. The defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by clear and convincing evidence. The history of the insanity defense in modern times comes from the 1843 case of Daniel MNaghten, who tried to assassinate the prime minister of Britain and was found not guilty because he was insane at the time. The public outrage after his acquittal prompted the creation of a strict definition of legal insanity which is known as the MNaghten Rule. The MNaghten Rule basically said a person was not legally insane unless he is incapable of appreciating his surroundings because of a powerful mental delusion. The Durham Standard The Durham standard was a much more lenient guideline for the insanity defense, but it addressed the issue of convicting mentally ill defendants, which was allowed under the MNaghten Rule. However, the Durham standard drew much criticism because of its expansive definition of legal insanity. The Model Penal Code, published by the American Law Institute, provided a standard for legal insanity that was a compromise between the strict MNaghten Rule and the lenient Durham ruling. Under the MPC standard, a defendant is not responsible for criminal conduct if at the time of such conduct as a result of mental disease or defect he lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality of his conduct or to conform his conduct to the requirements of the law. The MPC Standard The MPC standard was popular until 1981, when John Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity under those guidelines for the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan. Again, public outrage at Hinckleys acquittal caused lawmakers to pass legislation that reverted back to the strict MNaghten standard, and some states attempted to abolish the insanity defense altogether. Today the standard for proving legal insanity varies widely from state to state, but most jurisdictions have returned to a more strict interpretation of the definition.

Monday, November 4, 2019

Hong Kong's Ocean Park Target Market Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Hong Kong's Ocean Park Target Market - Essay Example Therefore, in its educational and environmental conservation, as well as development of respect for animals and their habitat, the new facility targets students, and other visitors with an interest in environmental and wildlife conservation. The park thus targets people from all walks of life, with its community initiatives. Such initiatives include the admission of Hong Kong’s residents during their birthdays at a concessionary rate (Lau, 2011 p1). Those elderly residents above the age of 65 will also be considered favorably, to enter the park at low charges. People with disability and those under the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance will also be allowed admission at lower charges (Lau, 2011 p3). From this, it is well observed that the target market for the soon to be open Polar adventure park is a wide range of people, from all lifestyles. Its integration of the themes of attraction and entertainment with the themes of education and conservation serves to ensure that all people, both local and foreign, with diverse interests are the aim of the new

Friday, November 1, 2019

Research paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 1

Research paper - Essay Example The fundamental concern in this respect regards misbehavior in classroom and why certain students have the propensity to continuously misbehave. More still, several arguments abound on why students normally misbehave in college classrooms. In order to address the problem of student incivility in classroom, the fundamental reasons behind such weird characters must be understood. Reasons for Classroom Incivility College students normally misbehave for various reasons. Naturally, certain students misbehave due to behavioral disorders in them. In this regard, the problem is a big challenge that cannot merely be addressed by conventional means. It is a psychological disorder that conditions such students to behave contrary to conventional norms (Shariff 88). Similarly other students normally display uncivil behavior due to the lack of love and care directed to them at home. Students should always be nurtured, loved and cared for in order to make them respect and understand themselves and their environments. In most cases, college students are driven by the need for independence and will always strive and push for that. Guiding such students in the classroom normally becomes quite difficult as they always inculcate a sense of antipathy to proper social conduct. In many families across the United States, parents are never keen enough to instill certain fundamental ideals in the conduct of their children. Most children grow up totally oblivious of the importance of some basic social skill like interpersonal relations. Upon being left alone in college, it is realized that such students begin to display their lack of social skills given the manner they behave in classrooms and interact with fellow students and teachers. In most cases, students of college age often seek any form of attention they can receive. Since getting attention on the positive respect normally appears difficult, most students opt to engage in funny behaviors for the mere reason of getting attention f rom their mates. In case they fail to receive the attention they seek, misbehaviors normally become the order of the day. At the early years of college, most students are still not mindful of their future lives and are not really concerned about building a proper foundation for themselves. Students who subscribe to such mindsets are normally very critical of the social order and discipline expected of them in institutions such as schools. As such, they often behave in uncivil manner that only disrupt the process of learning or affect their fellow students. Most college students are normally driven by the need for power and control. This provides the motivation for misbehavior in such students. Such students are normally very disruptive in classrooms and will never be afraid to do anything that would make them achieve their goal. They often provoke, challenge and even threaten teachers in the classroom. They tend to disrespect other students and talk back while disrupting the peace o f the class. It is argued that the present educational systems piles much pressure on college students to work extra hard in order to succeed. Millennial students normally multitask as they feel much

Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Corporate governance Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Corporate governance - Essay Example 12). This paper seeks to compare and contrast the theoretical framework of corporate governance, and explain how agency theory can be used to explain corporate governance arrangements in modern companies. The agency theory emanates from the separation of control from ownership such that professional managers manage the firm on behalf of the original owners. The theory draws strength in the rise of conflicts when the owner of a firm perceives that professional managers do not follow the best interests of the owners (Wong and Mwanzia, 2011, p., 2011, p. 16). The theory focuses on analyzing and resolving relationship between owners and shareholders of a firm and the agents or top management, this is based on the basic assumption that the role of a firm is to maximize the wealth and investment of its owners and shareholders. The agency theory works based on a form operating with limited information and uncertainty in its operations. As a result, the firm remains exposed to possibilities of agency issues such as adverse selection and moral hazard. Adverse selection in this case occurs when principals fail to determine, with certainty, whether an agent accurately portrays his or her ability to execute the duties with which they are charged. On the other hand, moral hazard refers to a condition under which a principal cannot ascertain the probability of an agent putting or giving their best towards the wellbeing of a firm (Wong and Mwanzia, 2011, p. 16). The theory also purports that availing superior information on a firm to professional managers gives an edge to agents over the owners. This is because the top managers of a firm may bear more interest in individual welfare than that of the firm or its shareholders and owners. This way, managers fail to act maximally towards the returns of a firm unless proper governance structures are out in place as a means to safeguard the interest of shareholders (Wong and Mwanzia, 2011, p. 16). As a result, the agency theory call s for curtailing the potential of managers to behave in ways that contradict the best interests of shareholders and owners of any given firm. In addition, the theory brings to light the strength of top management in having the stock of a firm held in a wide manner by many shareholders, and the composition of the board of directors being that of people with little knowledge on the firm. According to this theory, the management should be in a position to own stocks of the firm they manage in order to create a positive relationship between corporate governance and the amount of stock owned by the top management (Wong and Mwanzia, 2011, p. 16). This way, the agency managing the form can put the interests of the firm ahead of their own, and the conflict between ownership and agency can end. Thus, because of having a substantial amount of stock in their name, top management becomes more willing to take responsibility for the decisions it makes concerning the firm. In addition of concern, is the issue of generating rules and incentives

Monday, October 28, 2019

Nirma Case Study Essay Example for Free

Nirma Case Study Essay SUCCESS STORY Karsanbhai Khodidas Patel, the founder of Rs. 2500 crore (US$ 500 million) â€Å"NIRMA† group. Believed in value for money equation Sells 8,00,000 tonnes of detergent powder every year Market share of 35% Market Size : Market Size Closest threat to HUL with 35% market share. Nirma and Nima with 32 variants are distributed through more than 2 million retail outlets, generating gross sales in excess of Rs.2600 crore. The company has reported 4% drop in sales and 13% decline in net profit Margins Achievements : Achievements 7th largest consumer brand by ACNielsen 03. First brand to recognize and harness the power of the Indian rural market. First Indian brands to merit a Harvard Business Review case study Products : Products Consumer Soaps Detergents Edible salt Scouring product Nirma shikakai Nirma shampoo Nirma toothpaste Industrial LAB ( Linear Alkyl Benzene ) AOS ( Alfa Olefin Sulfonate ) Sulfuric Acid Glycerin Soda Ash Pure salt Vacuum Evaporated Iodized Salt SSP- Single Super Phosphate Sodium silicate Soaps : Soaps Nirma Bath Soap Nirma Premium soap Nirma Beauty Soap Nirma Lime Fresh Soap Nima Rose Nima Sandal Nima Lime Nima Herbal Nirma Herbalina Detergents : Detergents Nirma Washing Powder Nirma Detergent Cake Super Nirma Washing Powder Nirma Popular Detergent Nirma Popular Detergent Cake Nima Green Powder Promotion : Promotion Featured a lady washing a garment Daughter was featured on the pack Focuses on value-for-money One of the oldest and catchy jingle first aired on radio in 1975, was broadcast on television in 1982 Nirma Consumer Care Limited Brand value : Brand value Initially every pack of Nirma came with a money back guarantee. Believes in bonding with the consumer. The jingle has been used by Nirma for the last 25 years. Recent Developments : Recent Developments The company has relaunched Nirma Yellow Washing Powder and Nirma Beauty Soap, two of its strongest brands. Nirma Yellow Powder is being re-launched with improved formulation and new advertising. This is an extension of the original ad which will return after the launch is over. Nirma Beauty Soap is being re-launched with a new shape, fragrance and a smarter, brighter pack to improve shelf visibility Acquired Searles Valley Minerals Operations and Searles Valley Minerals

Saturday, October 26, 2019

Malcolm X, the Movie Essay -- Spike Lee

Spike Lee's version of Malcolm X's life is similar to the historical Malcolm X. By watching the movie and knowing who he was and his beliefs, one can easily tell how alike they are. When the movie starts Malcolm Little is getting his hair cut. The appearance is that he wants to look more like a white person. Malcolm X's father is a preacher, but the KKK came to the house to burn it down. Later, Malcolm's father is killed by being tied to the rail road tracks when a train comes. His father died when Malcolm was just a child.. After Malcolm's dad died A white woman came to tell Malcolm that they were going to take her kids away because she was an "unsuitable mother". They then sent Malcolm to a detention home which drove his mother insane. While at a club Malcolm met a white girl by the name of Sophia. They later moved in together. When Malcolm was in his early 20's he met a man which got him into the "gangster" life-style. He then began doing drugs. To feel like he was in with everyone else, Malcolm gets new clothes and a a gun. The gang, and Malcolm got into a lot of gambling. Malcolm messed up and almost got himself killed by the gang. Malcolm had to leave town with Sophia and Shorty, because the gang was still after them. Malcolm and Shorty later robbed a man's house and got caught. Shorty and Malcolm are sent to jail for 10 years at Charlestown State Prison for sleeping with a white women and for robbery. In prison, Malcolm got beaten for not knowing his prison number. He met a man named Banes. Banes talked to Malcolm about God. Banes was trying to get Malcolm out of prison. Malcolm finally reads and realizes what he has to do to get out of prison. Malcolm reads the Bible, other books, and he wrote letters to fellow Muslims. Banes teaches Malcolm about Islam religion and Elijah Muhammed. Finally after ten long years Malcolm finally gets out of prison. When Malcolm got out of prison he decided he would go out on the streets and make speeches about the Nation of Islam. After Malcolm became a Muslim, he went to see Archie. The old gang that Malcolm was in is getting in lots of trouble. While involved with the Muslim Nation, Malcolm meets sister Betty. Malcolm falls in love marries Betty and has three children. Brother Banes, a good friend of Malcolm's, gets beaten by police and then the police take him to the prison. Malcolm is tol... ... of Afro-American Unity. On the 21, of February in 1965 Malcolm was murdered. When he was buried he went by the name of Al Hajj Al-Shabazz, the name that he took in 1964 after his pilgrimage to Mecca. Malcolm has much influence on blacks and whites. Malcolm was a man of the people, in his ways of teaching on the street instead of going to college to become a preacher. The movie Malcolm X was very well portrayed by Spike Lee. It is historically accurate in the life of Malcolm X. It showed many of the struggles that he faced in making black history. The movie Malcolm X showed all the emotion of the original events, and it made the audience feel like they were reliving history. Some may not agree with Malcolm's point of view. However, the movie is accurate, as well as thrilling, and it pulls the audience into it. There is superb emotion and feeling. In all, the movie Malcolm X is a historically accurate movie of the true life of Malcolm Little. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more information on Malcolm X, please visit Three Speeches By Malcolm X, a page that contains other links to resources of this intruiging historical figure.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Brazilians in Michel de Montaignes Essay Of Cannibals -- Montaigne Es

Brazilians in Michel de Montaigne's Essay "Of Cannibals" When describing native Brazilian people in his 1580 essay, â€Å"Of Cannibals,† Michel de Montaigne states, â€Å"Truly here are real savages by our standards; for either they must be thoroughly so, or we must be; there is an amazing distance between their character and ours† (158). Montaigne doesn’t always maintain this â€Å"amazing† distance, however, between savages and non-savages or between Brazilians and Europeans; he first portrays Brazilians as non-barbaric people who are not like Europeans, then as non-barbarians who best embody traditional European values, and finally as barbarians who are diametrically opposed to Europeans. First, Montaigne portrays Brazilians as non-barbaric people who are not like Europeans. He asserts, â€Å"I think there is nothing barbarous and savage in that nation†¦except that each man calls barbarism whatever is not his own practice† (152). Through his discussion of certain salient qualities that define these â€Å"other,† non-barbaric, Brazilian people, Montaigne actually elevates the Brazilians above Europeans. For example, he writes, â€Å"Those [Brazilian] people are wild, just as we call wild the fruits that Nature has produced by herself and in her normal course; whereas really it is those that we have changed artificially and led astray from the common order, that we should rather call wild† (152). After likening wild Brazilians to wild fruits, he implies that they both â€Å"retain alive and vigorous their genuine, their most useful and natural, virtues and properties, which we have debased in the [artificial fruits] in adapting them to gratify our corrupted taste† (152). For Montaigne, wildness and natural virtues are characteristics that are u... ...s the superiority of the former to the latter; in the second case, he greatly decreases the distance between the two groups and the level of superiority that Brazilians have over Europeans. Finally, his essay, as a whole, ultimately reinstates a great distance between the two groups, and Europeans reclaim superiority over Brazilians. Notably, in the first two cases, nature is also elevated above art, but art finally subjugates nature. Perhaps this is because Montaigne identifies with â€Å"Lycurgus and Plato†¦ [who] could [not] believe that our society could be maintained with so little artifice and human solder† (153). Montaigne’s essay suggests that he relies on the artifice of his writing and interpretations to explore and define social groups, explore and establish social hierarchies, and maintain social order in a manner that ultimately favors him and his people.

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Instrumental analysis chemistry Study guide

IR sources – consist of inert solid and heated electrically to very high temperatures 1 500-KICK to get a continuum of radiation. Unrest Glower- composed of rare earth oxides (Zero, YEA, and Error) current is passed thru the device so that the device can reach the high temp of 1200-KICK, spectral out in the IR region Global source- silicon carbide rod heated to 1300-KICK Disadvantage to using this is water cooling is required to prevent electrical arching.Incandescent wire sources- tightly wound spiral monochrome wire heated by electrical current to kick IR absorption requirement 1 source of continuous IR radiation 2 IR transducer that's sensitive Mercury Arc Source (Far ‘R) only for Far IR region only has enough radiant power In this region. Quartz Jacketed tube containing Hag vapor pressurized greater than 1 ATM, electricity passed thru this Hag vapor (pressure emits a continuum of radiation In the far IR region. ) Disadvantage and the advantage to this source Is that It only is seed for the Far IR region only and can't be used for any other IR region.Tungsten Filament lamp (Near IR region)- ordinary filament lamp, convenient source for the near IR of 4000-12800 corn-l , Inexpensive but restricted to Near IR region) CO laser source- laser produces a band of radiation in 900-1100 cam -1, can get 100 closely spaced discreet lines, can tune the laser to a specific line. (More expensive) Advantage- radiant power available In each line (gets several orders of magnitude increase) Thermal transducer-response depends on the heating effect of radiation, radiation is absorbed by a small black body and resultant temp rise is monitored, detects temperature changes that is produced.Heat capacity of the absorbing element must be as small as possible if detectable temp change is to be produced, radiant power of the spectrophotometer beam is IOWA-7 to IOWA-9 watts ( only observes a few thousandths of K change in temp) Has to be in a vacuum and shielded from ther mal radiation emitted by nearby objects Beam from the source is chopped at a specific frequency different from extraneous noise outside of it. Try to minimize size and thickness of the absorbing element to concentrate the entire beam of IR radiation on he surface of the absorbing element.Thermocouples- consist of a pair of Junctions for when 2 pieces of metal (Bismuth and Antimony are fused together BTW metals a potential develops is temp dependent at the Junction potential is temp dependent and varies with the change in temp. Junction is often blackened to improve absorbing capacity, also sealed in a vacuum chamber with a window that's transparent to the IR radiation. Can respond to temp difference, and enhance sensitivity by connecting several thermal couples together= thermopile.Ferroelectric transducers- insulators with special thermal and electric properties instructed from single crystalline wafers. Electric field is applied across material and electric popularization takes pl ace. When there is temp change by radiating it w/ IR radiation then the charge distribution is altered, can be detected as current , used on most Fast response times and track in the time domain) FITS Most commonly used region is mid- IR region (670-4000 CM A-I) can use near IR for low met hydrocarbons Far IR region- used inorganic structures and metal organic species.There is no good solvent that is transparent all the way throughout the IR region of possible interest. Water and alcohol are seldom used BC they strongly absorb and attack the alkali metal halides that make up the cell windows. Liar cells tend to be more narrow in width, than those used in I-JPL's Chromatography 2 primary components Mobile phase- transports signal through the column (can be a gas or a liquid or a supercritical liquid) Stationary Phase- immiscible solid that's fixed in place in a column or on a solid surface.The components in a mixture distribute themselves BTW the pm and the SP to have separation to o ccur the species have to separate themselves BTW mobile and stationary. Stronger species interact more with the SP and more slowly with the mobile phase. -differences in mobility cause the sample components to separate into distinct bands or zones Classification of chromo methods 1) Physical means- when the PM and SP are brought into contact with one another (column chromatography SP held in a tube, pm is pushed through w/ pressure. ) Planar Chromatography- SP supported on a flat plate or piece of paper. PM moves thru the SP by capillary action or gravity. Elution of Bands/ Zones on a Chromatography column One of the component B is moving slower than component A BC it is interacting with he SP. Limitations of linear response BTW analyze concentration and TTS 1) Need distinct stretch or bend 2) Linear response 3) Solvent transmittance is constant.Data collected with Chromatography with peaks that correspond to solute that contain 1) Retention time 2) Peak area Retention time – time it takes for the analyze peak to reach the detector (Try) (Tm)- corresponds to the time it takes for the pm to move to the detector. (kill a)- Retention factor used to describe the migration rated of solutes on columns Zone broadening and Column Efficiency- column is more efficient if you have less reddening of peaks Gaussian shape of an ideal chromatography zone; attributed to the random motion of the solute molecules in the chromatographic zones.The size of peaks increases as it moves down the column b/c more time allows spreading to occur. The size of the peak is directly related to the â€Å"residence time†; the time spent in the column and indirectly related to the velocity of the mobile phase. 2 methods of describing column efficiency 1) Plate height (h) 2) Plate count (N) Efficiency of chromatography columns increases with increased plate count and decreasing plate height.Variables affecting Zone broadening ) effect of pm flow rate in general the magnitude of eff ect on column efficiency depends on the length of time the pm is in contact with the SP (depends on flow rate of the pm) 2) Van Demeter plot – efficiency studies by determining the H as a function of PM velocity The smaller the plate height the better the column efficiency (represented on the graph the lowest point on the curve) 3) Linear flow effects zone broadening Theoretical Plate height and Column Variables A) Linear velocity of PM-distance per unit time traveled by the PM ( linear flow rate) B) Diffusion coefficient in PM – rate at which the molecules diffuse across a plane of nit area and the concentration gradient in the direction of diffusion in the PM C) Diffusion coefficient in SP -rate at which the molecules diffuse across a plane of unit area and the concentration gradient in the direction of diffusion in the SP D) of the solutes) E) Retention factor – time spent by the solute in the SP to the time spent in the pm.

Tuesday, October 22, 2019

The Idea of Nature and its Essence

The Idea of Nature and its Essence The idea of nature is one of the most widely employed in philosophy and by the same token one of the most ill-defined. Authors such as Aristotle and Descartes relied on the concept of nature to explain the fundamental tenets of their views, without ever attempting to define the concept. Even in contemporary philosophy, the idea is oftentimes employed, in different forms. So, what is nature? Nature and the Essence of a Thing The philosophical tradition that traces back to Aristotle employs the idea of nature to explain that which defines the essence of a thing. One of the most fundamental metaphysical concepts, the essence indicates those properties that define what a thing is. The essence of water, for instance, will be its molecular structure, the essence of a species, its ancestral history; the essence of a human, its self-consciousness or its soul. Within the Aristotelian traditions, hence, to act in accordance with nature means to take into account the real definition of each thing when dealing with it. The Natural World At times the idea of nature is instead used to refer to anything that exists in the universe as part of the physical world. In this sense, the idea embraces anything that falls under the study of the natural sciences, from physics to biology to environmental studies. Natural vs. Artificial Natural is often used also to refer to a process which occurs spontaneously as opposed to one that occurs as the result of the deliberation of a being. Thus, a plant grows naturally when its growth was not planned by a rational agent; it grows otherwise artificially. An apple would hence be an artificial product, under this understanding of the idea of nature, although most would agree that an apple is a product of nature (that is, a part of the natural world, that which is studied by natural scientists). Nature vs. Nurture Related to the spontaneity vs. artificiality divide is the idea of nature as opposed to nurture. The idea of culture becomes here central to draw the line. That which is natural as opposed to that which is the outcome of a cultural process. Education is a central example of a non-natural process: under many accounts, education is seen as a process against nature. Clearly enough, from this perspective there are some items that cannot ever be purely natural: any human development is shaped by the activity, or lack thereof, of interaction with other human beings; there is no such thing as a natural development of human language, for instance. Nature as Wilderness The idea of nature is at times used to express the wilderness. Wilderness lives at the edge of civilization, of any cultural processes. In the strictest reading of the term, humans can encounter wilderness in very few selected places on earth nowadays, those were the influence of human societies is negligible; if you include the environmental impact produced by humans on the whole ecosystem, there may well be no wild place left on our planet. If the idea of wilderness is loosened a bit, then even through a walk in a forest or a trip on the ocean one may experience that which is wild, i.e. natural. Nature and God Finally, an entry on nature cannot omit that which perhaps has been the most widely employed understanding of the term in past millennia: nature as the expression of the divine. The idea of nature is central in most religions. It has taken numerous forms, from specific entities or processes (a mountain, the sun, the ocean, or fire) to embracing the whole realm of existents. Further Online Readings The entry on Laws of Nature at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.The entry on Aristotle’s Natural Philosophy at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Monday, October 21, 2019

20 Evaluation Essay Topics on Affordable Care Act

20 Evaluation Essay Topics on Affordable Care Act In the previous guide 10 facts on Affordable Care Act for an evaluation essay, we talked about interesting facts you could utilize to write an excellent evaluation essay. Now, let’s talk topics. There are several names this law goes by such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Obamacare. It is considered to be a significant law passed to reform America’s health care system since the Medicare and Medicaid law which was passed in 1965. This law aims to help hospitals and general physicians produce significantly better results at reduced costs with better and easier methods of distribution. This is established through the transformation of existing methods with respect to finances, technology and clinical practice. Here are 20 topics for an evaluation essay on the Affordable Care Act: Affordable Care Act’s Impact on the Number of Uninsured Citizens to Get Insurance. How Will Americans Get Treatment in Emergency Situations Under the ACA Initiative? How Will the ACA Help Patients With Diseases That Insurance Companies Consider Undesirable Is the ACA Making Insurance More Affordable? How Will the ACA Law Help Small Business Owners? Underlying ACA Mechanism to Reduce Premium and Out-of-Pocket Costs of Medical Care? Solutions the ACA Law Offers to People Who are Unable to Afford Coverage. Define How Competitive the Online Health Insurance Marketplace Established Under the ACA Law is at Coverage Plan Comparison Reviewing Claims of ACA Law on Reducing the Deficit by $100 Billion in Ten Years and $1 Trillion in the Second Decade. How Will Money Be Raised Under the ACA Law? Will the ACA Law Effectively Put an End to Overspending, Fraud and Abuse in the Insurance Industry? How is the Quality of Health Insurance Being Upheld Under ACA Law? How Are Arbitrary Lifetime Limits Being Handled Through the ACA Law? New Accountability Measures of Insurance Companies Under The ACA Law? Measures for Citizens with Long-Term Care Needs Under The ACA Law. What Are the Benefits for Senior Citizens Under the ACA Law? Awareness Initiatives for the Improvement Of Public Health Under the ACA Law Measures Taken for the Rural Areas Under the ACA Law Incentives For Students to Take on Healthcare Related Professions and Then Jobs Under The ACA Law Taxation of Insurance Companies Under the ACA Act Here is a sample essay on one of the topics mentioned above: Evaluation Essay: Affordable Care Act’s Impact on the Number of Uninsured Citizens to Get Insurance The ACA is considered to be one of the most significant laws passed in US history. The law was passed in March 23, 2010 by president Obama, and since been   a major part of the population having an insurance coverage plan. The ACA has achieved this through expanding the eligibility criteria of Medicaid so that citizens under 138% of the poverty line can be added. ACA has also introduced state-sponsored insurance plans where individuals and small business owners would be able to buy insurance plans with the added benefit of subsidies for those whose income lies between 100% and 400% below federal poverty levels. According to the commonwealth fund reported on July 2014, around 10 million people randomly aged between 19-64 had chosen to go for a health insurance plan, which amounts to 5% of the working-age population. According to Gallup’s report on April 2015, the uninsured rate of individuals aged 18 and over through 2013 to 2015, has drastically dropped from 18% to 11.9%. Similarly the Rand Corporation’s official report claims that there has been a drastic effect of ACA on employers offering medical insurance coverage plans, as they have increased by more than 8 million. Similarly individuals applying for Medicaid have increased in the amount by 6 million. Around 4 million people are currently being covered through the federal and state marketplaces and a little less than a million people opted to become uninsured, owing to third-party insurance coverage plans. While experts are unsure about a million people opting out of the aforementioned insurance plan, it’s still a very small number as it merely represents only 1 percent of the working population. It can be concluded that a little less than 7.5 million individuals have opted to choose marketplace insurance policies and have effectively made payments on their premiums. According to a survey on ACA law statistics, young adults have chosen to stay on their parent’s coverage plan until they are 26. The same survey has also brought forth welcoming news that after the acceptance of this law, the body mass index in young adults has reduced by an impressive rate. Once again, proof that the ACA law has helped improve quality of life and the health of citizens. The ACA legislature has also reduced the amount of medical bankruptcies which is one of country’s highest-level of bankruptcy declarations. It’s become evident that opting for an ACA-issued medical coverage plan is helping to reduce the overall costs and availability of even more affordable plans, while the number of people getting insurance plans is increasing exponentially. Further you will get your hands on our guide for writing an evaluation paper  on affordable care act. References: Landmark: The inside story of Americas new healthcare law and what it means for us all. (2010). New York: Public Affairs. Rawal, P. H. (n.d.). The Affordable Care Act: Examining the facts. Brill, S. (n.d.). Americas bitter pill: Money, politics, backroom deals, and the fight to fix our broken healthcare system. Bromley, K. (n.d.). The employers guide to ObamaCare: What profitable business owners know about the Affordable Care Act. 2015 Affordable Care Act: Law, Regulatory Explanation And Analysis. (n.d.). Askin, E., Moore, N. (n.d.). The health care handbook: A clear and concise guide to the United States healthcare system. Emanuel, E. J. (n.d.). Reinventing American Health Care: How The Affordable Care Act Will Improve Our Terribly Complex, Blatantly Unjust, Outrageously Expensive, Grossly Inefficient, Error Prone System.